Some reasons are no-brainers: India is one of the most densely populated nations on the planet, its sunlight is abundant, and its deserts prime locales so solar farms make perfect sense.
But how did they get on the bandwagon before most of the rest of the world. Like most social change, it occurred on paper first. India’s government years ago set aside deserts for solar production. For instance, 14,000 square miles of the Thar Desert is only for solar farms.
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy’s latest draft of its energy policy specifies that the government will aid in installing 4 gigawatts of its 10 GW (i.e., a huge amount) goal of renewal energy. The other six percent of the goal would be left to states.
India has also responded to global climate change. In 2009, it released a $19 billion plan to include 10 gigawatts of renewable energy power to its nation by 2020. Later that same year, the nation was ready to break ground on its National Solar Mission. The mission was under the umbrella of the National Action Plan on Climate Change.
It also doesn’t hurt that solar panels, which can be one of the solar farm investor’s most formidable costs, can be produced much more cheaply now in China and the U.S., and this cost decrease has occurred at the same time that traditional electrical grid costs have become almost astronomical.
But India’s growing economy may be the biggest reason for its love of solar farms. Some days, traditional electrical power fails the country by up to 14 percent.
India isn’t stopping at its current government-recommended capacities. It plans soon to build the world’s largest solar farm — a 4,000 megawatt capacity farm. It’s located near Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan.